Discrepancies between MODIS and ISCCP land surface temperature products analyzed with microwave measurements

Author: Jean-Luc Moncet, Pan Liang, Alan E. Lipton and John F. Galantowicz
Date: 
November 4, 2011
Type: 
Journal Article
Venue: 
Journal of Geophysical Research
Citation: 

Moncet, J.-L., P. Liang, A. E. Lipton, J. F. Galantowicz, and C. Prigent (2011), Discrepancies between MODIS and ISCCP land surface temperature products analyzed with microwave measurements, J. Geophys. Res., 116, D21105, doi:10.1029/2010JD015432.

This paper compares land surface temperature (LST) products from the Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) and the International Satellite Cloud Climatology Project (ISCCP). With both sources, the LST data are derived from infrared measurements. For ISCCP, LST is a secondary product in support of the primary cloud analyses, but the LST data have been used for several other purposes. The MODIS measurements from the Aqua spacecraft are taken at about 01:30 and 13:30 local time, and the ISCCP three-hourly data, based on several geostationary and polar orbiting satellites, were interpolated to the MODIS measurement times. For July 2003 monthly averages over all clear-sky locations, the ISCCP-MODIS differences were +5.0 K and +2.5 K for day and night, respectively, and there were areas with differences as large as 25 K. The day–night differences were as much as ∼10 K higher for ISCCP than for MODIS. The MODIS measurements were more consistent with independent microwave measurements from AMSR-E, by several measures, with respect to day–night differences and day-to-day variations.