Dynamic and regression modeling of ocean signals in the tide-gauge record at seasonal and longer periods

Author: Rui M. Ponte, Emma M. Hill and J.L. Davis
Date: 
May 7, 2007
Type: 
Journal Article
Venue: 
Journal of Geophysical Research
Citation: 

Hill, E. M., R. M. Ponte, and J. L. Davis (2007), Dynamic and regression modeling of ocean variability in the tide-gauge record at seasonal and longer periods, J. Geophys. Res., 112, C05007, doi:10.1029/2006JC003745

Comparison of monthly mean tide-gauge time series to corresponding model time series based on a static inverted barometer (IB) for pressure-driven fluctuations and a ocean general circulation model (OM) reveals that the combined model successfully reproduces seasonal and interannual changes in relative sea level at many stations. Removal of the OM and IB from the tide-gauge record produces residual time series with a mean global variance reduction of 53%. The OM is mis-scaled for certain regions, and 68% of the residual time series contain a significant seasonal variability after removal of the OM and IB from the tide-gauge data. Including OM admittance parameters and seasonal coefficients in a regression model for each station, with IB also removed, produces residual time series with mean global variance reduction of 71%. Examination of the regional improvement in variance caused by scaling the OM, including seasonal terms, or both, indicates weakness in the model at predicting sea-level variation for constricted ocean regions. The model is particularly effective at reproducing sea-level variation for stations in North America, Europe, and Japan. The RMS residual for many stations in these areas is 25–35 mm. The production of “cleaner” tide-gauge time series, with oceanographic variability removed, is important for future analysis of nonsecular and regionally differing sea-level variations. Understanding the ocean model's strengths and weaknesses will allow for future improvements of the model.