Research Examples

AER's basic and applied research and core competencies span many disciplines.

Research and Development Examples

Research Area

Core Competencies

Research Initiatives

Seasonal Forecasting

Analysis of atmospheric cycles

Weather prediction of North Atlantic Oscillation (NAO) and Arctic Oscillation (AO)

Radiative Transfer Modeling

Development of advanced radiative transfer models for clear sky and scattering atmospheres

Development of advanced radiation codes (RRTMG) for Numerical Weather Prediction (NWP) and climate models

Optimal Spectral Sampling (OSS) for satellite remote sensing

Ocean analyses from models and observations

Estimation of global ocean salinity, temperature, currents at different depths and times

Joint project on Estimating the Circulation and Climate of the Ocean (ECCO)

Earth rotation

Studies of atmospheric and ocean momentum and the relationship with Earth motions

Research program on polar motion studies

Prediction of length of day

Research program to analyze and predict length of day and Earth wobble, on scales of hours to years; used for navigation and communication with Earth and space vehicles.

Data Assimilation & Prediction

Studies of the optimal use of remotely sensed data for numerical weather prediction

Expertise in development and application of forecasting models for numerical weather prediction (NWP)

Esemble data assimilation using Ensemble Kalman Filter (ENKF)

Adaptation and validation of science algorithms for NOAA’s high performance computing environment.

Near-Earth space environment Ionosphere/ plasmasphere, magnetic fields, radiation belts, solar effects Data assimilative ionospheric modeling; next generation radiation belt modeling; solar and galactic energetic particles

Greenhouse gases

Coupling NWP and tracer modeling

Carbon cycle studies

GOSAT science team member

Stratospheric properties studies

Stratospheric chemistry and aerosol modeling

Scientific assessments for WMO and IPCC

Climate engineering studies