A dynamical framework to understand and predict the major Northern Hemisphere mode

Author: Judah Cohen and David Salstein
Date: 
October 7, 2002
Type: 
Journal Article
Venue: 
Geophysical Research Letters
Citation: 

Cohen, J., D. Salstein, and K. Saito (2002), A dynamical framework to understand and predict the major Northern Hemisphere mode, Geophys. Res. Lett., 29(10), 1412, doi:10.1029/2001GL014117.

The dynamics of the leading mode of boreal winter and its excitation by varying boundary conditions remain mostly unclear. A novel framework is presented to explain the evolution of this dominant winter mode. It is shown that there exists a dichotomy of pathways with the characteristics of the dominant mode dependent upon the pathway taken. All winters examined fall into one of the two different dynamic evolutions presented, the knowledge of which clarifies prior uncertainties associated with the dominant mode and provides excellent potential for the successful prediction of subsequent winter mean climate states.